A unique feature of Islam is that it neither neglects the individual nor the society but establishes harmony and balance between the two assigning to reach its proper role and creating the spirit of co-operation and collaboration among individuals which forms the basis of the positive social structure of the Muslim community and society. Islam belives in the individual personality of man and holds everyone personality responsible and accountable to Allah. No mediator, no priesthood, no confession to a priest, no dying for the sins of others, etc. in Islam. Islam guarantees fundamental rights to the individual and does not permit anyone to tamper with them. Man must not lose his individuality in the collective social life or in the state but properly develop the personality according to Sunnah (Qur’an 13:12). The Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) has said: “The example of believers in their mutual affection and Mercy on each other is that of the body: when an aspect of it complains, all the other organs sympathize with it by remaining awake”, “He is not a believer who takes his fill while his neighbor starves”, and “He who has extra food should give it to those who have no food”, etc. Congregational prayers, Zakaat, charity, good treatment of neighbours, generosity with guests, doing good to blood relations, extension of loan, helping -people out of their distresses truthfulness, and prohibition of lying, back-biting, calumny, false charges, false witness, false oaths, confiscation of other’s property etc. are virtues leading to happy social life and the miraculous wide-spread of Islam in a remarkably short interval of time.
Balance Between Individualism and Collective in Islamon February 4, 2012